The Fourth Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF4)
    Home > Papers > Ontiretse Tau
Ontiretse Tau

Structure and Process in Dual-Model Institutions: Implications for Development

Ontiretse Tau
Distance Education Unit, University of Botswana

     Full text: HTML
     Last modified: October 16, 2006
     Presentation date: 11/03/2006 10:00 AM in NT Portland A
     (View Schedule)

Without a systems approach, the introduction of distance education in a conventional university comes with structural flaws that militate against the realization of its potential and often leads to the distance education unit being marginalised. This is because the organizational structure of a distance education unit in a conventional university not only provide the framework within which people work but it also shapes the attitudes of organizational members through a process of organizational socialization. Nnazor’s (1994) assertion provides an understanding of the dynamics of a distance education system in dual-mode institutions.

The paper explores the manner in which distance education was introduced into existing conventional institutions, the organizational structures that were created to manage ODL, the challenges that the institutions experienced, their responses to those challenges and the implications for development. The University of Botswana is used to illustrate the challenges as they were experienced by this institution and how it responded to those challenges which included either restructuring or formulating ODL policies. The paper concludes that a systems approach would have provided a smother take-off for the Distance Education Unit at the University of Botswana and that would have optimised the use of distance education in moving forward the national development agenda and strategies.

Support Tool
  For this 
refereed conference paper
Capture Cite
View Metadata
Printer Friendly
Author Bio
Define Terms
Related Studies
Media Reports
Google Search
Email Author
Email Others
Add to Portfolio

    Learn more
    about this

Public Knowledge

If the information you require about PCF4 is not included on this website, please email:

home | overview | program | registration | call for papers | submission | papers | sponsors
accommodation | travel | social | contacts | hosts | COL Awards | exhibition | links